Season 3 Episode 4: Ramarley Graham

References

CUNNINGHAM, J. H. (2014, January 7). Parents demand justice for their slain son, 18, who was gunned down by NYPD officer two years ago. nydailynews.com. https://www.nydailynews.com/new-york/bronx/ramarley-graham-family-friends-attend-hearing-civil-suit-city-nypd-article-1.1569073

Ex-NYPD officer Richard haste to Ramarley Graham’s family: ‘My door is always open’. (2017, March 28). ABC7 New York. https://abc7ny.com/ramarley-graham-officer-richard-haste-nypd/1822911/

NYPD commissioner orders reviews of street narcotics teams in wake of Bronx shooting. (n.d.). WNYC. https://www.wnyc.org/story/186204-blog-officer-who-shot-bronx-man-lacked-training-commissioner-reviews-street-narcotics-teams/

NYPD is disbanding a unit that is the ‘last chapter’ of stop-and-frisk. (2020, June 16). NBC News. https://www.nbcnews.com/news/all/nypd-disbanding-unit-last-chapter-stop-frisk-n1231135

NYPD is disbanding a unit that is the ‘last chapter’ of stop-and-frisk. (2020, June 16). NBC News. https://www.nbcnews.com/news/all/nypd-disbanding-unit-last-chapter-stop-frisk-n1231135

Ore. deputy drowns while trying to help child. (2021, August 1). Police1. https://www.police1.com/police-heroes/articles/ore-deputy-drowns-while-trying-to-help-child-I0QLtcVJpiiWtVak/

Slow crawl toward justice for broken-hearted families. (2015, February 17). MSNBC.com. https://www.msnbc.com/msnbc/justice-eludes-families-victims-slain-police-msna530866

Stop-and-frisk data. (2020, March 11). New York Civil Liberties Union. https://www.nyclu.org/en/stop-and-frisk-data

Video raises questions in 2012 New York police killing of Ramarley Graham. (2016, October 5). World Socialist Web Site. https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2016/10/05/grah-o05.html

We still don’t know what happened to Ramarley Graham. (2017, December 6). HuffPost. https://www.huffpost.com/entry/ramarley-graham_n_5765862

Season 3 Episode 3: Sarah Everard

References

ALA. responders use ladder to rescue family during armed standoff. (2021, July 28). Police1. https://www.police1.com/police-heroes/articles/ala-responders-use-ladder-to-rescue-family-during-armed-standoff-EjnpDVGDgOBDQpba/

Giordano, C. (2021, March 18). Everything we know about Sarah Everard and what happened to her. The Independent. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/crime/sarah-everard-news-missing-wayne-couzens-b1815730.html

Halasz, S., & Rahim, Z. (2021, June 8). London police officer pleads guilty to kidnap and rape of Sarah Everard. CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2021/06/08/uk/sarah-everard-london-officer-pleads-guilty-intl-gbr/index.html

Hassan, J. (2021, June 8). British police officer pleads guilty to kidnap and rape of Sarah Everard — a case that outraged the nation. The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2021/06/08/sarah-everard-case-police-admits-rape-kidnap/

Lampen, C. (n.d.). What we know about the disappearance of Sarah Everard. The Cut. https://www.thecut.com/2021/06/sarah-everard-london-woman-disappeared-while-walking-home.html

London police officer pleads guilty to rape and kidnap of Sarah Everard. (2021, July 13). The New York Times – Breaking News, US News, World News and Videos. https://www.nytimes.com/2021/06/08/world/europe/sarah-everard-wayne-couzens-plea.html

A London woman’s disappearance is sending shockwaves through the U.K. (2021, March 11). Time. https://time.com/5945656/sarah-everard-police-officer-arrest/

Manne, K. (2021, March 19). What Sarah Everard’s murder illuminates—And might obscure. The Atlantic. https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2021/03/what-sarah-everards-murder-illuminatesand-might-obscure/618302/

Metropolitan police officer Wayne Couzens pleads guilty to murder of Sarah Everard. (2021, July 9). independent. https://www.independent.ie/world-news/europe/britain/metropolitan-police-officer-wayne-couzens-pleads-guilty-to-murder-of-sarah-everard-40632954.html

(n.d.). MyLondon – The latest local news, opinion, sport, business and more. https://www.mylondon.news/news/south-london-news/sarah-everard-boyfriend-missing-woman-20013317

Opinion | After Sarah Everard’s death, women cannot be tasked with ending male violence. (2021, March 17). NBC News. https://www.nbcnews.com/think/opinion/sarah-everard-case-shows-society-s-rules-women-don-t-ncna1261298

PC Wayne Couzens pleads guilty to kidnap and rape of Sarah Everard. (2021, June 8). the Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2021/jun/08/pc-wayne-couzens-pleads-guilty-to-kidnap-and-of-sarah-everard

Sarah Everard murder: Met PC Wayne Couzens pleads guilty. (2021, July 9). BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-london-57774597

Sarah Everard suspect: Met faces inquiry over indecent exposure claim. (2021, March 12). the Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2021/mar/11/sarah-everard-suspect-met-accused-failures-alleged-indecent-exposure

She vanished from a U.K. street. Now women are sharing their trauma. (2021, March 13). NBC News. https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/police-officer-charged-kidnap-murder-sarah-everard-case-gripped-u-n1261010

Sullivan, M. (2021, June 16). How Wayne Couzens went from mechanic to met cop to Sarah Everard suspect. The US Sun. https://www.the-sun.com/news/2489915/wayne-couzens-from-cop-to-sarah-everard-suspect/

Sullivan, M. (2021, June 16). Cop suspect ‘exposed himself in McDonald’s’ in incident before Sarah vanished. The US Sun. https://www.the-sun.com/news/2495370/sarah-everard-police-wayne-couzens-mcdonalds-investigation/

Season 3 Episode 2: Douglas Zerby

References

ABC News. (n.d.). How common is contagious shooting? https://abcnews.go.com/US/LegalCenter/story?id=2681947&page=1

Associated Press. (n.d.). A man shot to death by two police officers was found to have pointed a pistol-grip water nozzle at t [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vuPHOQQxS4U

Black Lives Matter 2016: Why Do Police Shoot To Kill? How Officers Are Trained In The Use Of Force. (2016, September 24). International Business Times – US Ed.

Calif. Police officers kill man pointing water nozzle, not gun. (2010, December 14). CBS News – Breaking news, 24/7 live streaming news & top stories. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/calif-police-officers-kill-man-pointing-water-nozzle-not-gun/

Cops rescue dog from hot car after owner is killed by gunman. (2021, July 17). Police1. https://www.police1.com/police-heroes/articles/cops-rescue-dog-from-hot-car-after-owner-is-killed-by-gunman-RPO0cLGkeQuRvgtX/

Family of man killed by Long Beach officers awarded $6.5 million. (2013, April 4). Los Angeles Times. https://www.latimes.com/local/la-xpm-2013-apr-04-la-me–water-nozzle-verdict-20130405-story.html

Federal probe sought in fatal shooting of man holding nozzle. (n.d.). https://latimesblogs.latimes.com/lanow/2011/11/douglas-zerby-shot-holding-nozzle-federal-probe.html

Fighting the contagious fire phenomenon. (2010, January 29). Police1. https://www.police1.com/police-products/firearms/articles/fighting-the-contagious-fire-phenomenon-5JYTjrb0SPXtNbbI/

Liberation News. (n.d.). Douglas Zerby Case Press Conference 11-4-11 [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=imdc7LxbJok

Long Beach chief offers new details on Belmont shore Zerby shooting. (2017, September 1). Press Telegram. https://www.presstelegram.com/2011/03/14/long-beach-chief-offers-new-details-on-belmont-shore-zerby-shooting/

Long Beach cops liable in 2010 shooting death of Douglas Zerby. (2017, September 6). Daily Breeze. https://www.dailybreeze.com/2013/04/04/long-beach-cops-liable-in-2010-shooting-death-of-douglas-zerby/

Long Beach police shooting. (n.d.). Fishing in California. https://fishingnetwork.net/forum4/showthread.php?52152-Long-Beach-Police-Shooting

Shooting of calif. man holding water nozzle angers family. (2010, December 14). Oklahoman.com. https://www.oklahoman.com/article/3523551/shooting-of-calif-man-holding-water-nozzle-angers-family

SoCal police’s blood money. (n.d.). https://www.ocweekly.com/socal-polices-blood-money-6426511/

Stoughton, S. W. (2014, December 12). How police training contributes to avoidable deaths. The Atlantic. https://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2014/12/police-gun-shooting-training-ferguson/383681/

Zerby v. City of Long Beach: Family of man killed by police awarded $6.5 million. (2017, March 22). Executive Presentations. https://epdelivers.com/news/zerby-v-city-of-long-beach-family-of-man-killed-by-police-awarded-6-5-million/

Season 3 Episode 1: Justice for Kadie and River Major

References

48 hours fatal crossing. (n.d.). Kadie Major Death Investigation – Truth and Justice for Kadie Major and her babies. Fatal Crossing. Aaron Major. Injustice. BCSO. Rick Ollic Bill Salisbury. https://kadieandherbabies.com/48-hours-fatal-crossing/

Balchunas, C. (2020, January 20). High-profile attorney studying Berkeley Co. cold case involving deceased mother, daughter. WCIV. https://abcnews4.com/news/local/mom-hopes-new-attorney-brings-fresh-eyes-to-cold-case

Death of Kadie major and daughter river investigated on 48 hours. (2019, November 11). Monsters and Critics. https://www.monstersandcritics.com/tv/true-crime/death-of-kadie-major-and-daughter-river-investigated-on-48-hours/

During protest, family and friends call for new coroner’s inquest in the death of Kadie major. (2021, February 9). WCBD News 2. https://www.counton2.com/news/local-news/berkeley-county-news/during-protest-family-and-friends-call-for-new-coroners-inquest-in-the-death-of-kadie-major/

Family wants Berkeley County coroner to open new inquest in the 2008 death of Kadie major. (2021, January 25). WCBD News 2. https://www.counton2.com/news/local-news/berkeley-county-news/family-wants-berkeley-county-coroner-to-open-new-inquest-in-the-2008-death-of-kadie-major/

Hall, V. (2019, June 27). Aaron Major Kadie Major husband interrogation fatal crossing kadieandherbabies part 1 of 2 [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FbQemyBsD4w

Hall, V. (2019, June 27). Aaron Major Kadie Major husbands interrogation or interview part [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i5ddEzEOlF8

Live 5 Web Staff. (2019, May 20). Investigators name husband as sole suspect in wife, daughter’s 2008 killing. https://www.live5news.com. https://www.live5news.com/2019/05/20/investigators-name-husband-sole-suspect-wife-daughters-killing/

‘He was an angel sent to us’: Off-duty LEO saves girl, 2, from drowning. (2021, July 2). Police1. https://www.police1.com/police-heroes/articles/he-was-an-angel-sent-to-us-off-duty-leo-saves-girl-2-from-drowning-Q9gG7bWgHMOP3CM5/

Majchrowicz, M. (2020, September 14). Investigation into 2008 deaths of Moncks Corner mother, daughter reopened. Post and Courier. https://www.postandcourier.com/news/investigation-into-deaths-of-moncks-corner-mother-daughter-reopened/article_4090f81e-b1ea-11e8-b4b3-0f86fbb1581c.html?fbclid=IwAR3JbUBpOSz5zkqFKMUoodnnv_bEG_9nzWoPdAhRP5-uE401gKwtxOC8muE

Moncks Corner police chief Rick Ollic suspended for 2 weeks. (2021, June 26). The Berkeley Observer. https://www.berkeleyobserver.com/2021/06/23/moncks-corner-police-chief-rick-ollic-suspended-for-2-weeks/

Novelly, T. (2021, February 9). Berkeley County said Kadie major died by suicide in 2008. Now her husband is a suspect. Post and Courier. https://www.postandcourier.com/news/berkeley-county-said-kadie-major-died-by-suicide-in-2008-now-her-husband-is-a/article_a105dc30-49a9-11e9-939a-4b4d41edf4f1.html

Novelly, T. (2021, June 22). Former police officer sues Moncks Corner chief over alleged racist comments. Post and Courier. https://www.postandcourier.com/news/former-police-officer-sues-moncks-corner-chief-over-alleged-racist-comments/article_67314c36-c7bd-11ea-9e0a-0b5d1a14b1b9.html

Renaud, T. (2021, February 5). Family and friends of Kadie major to hold a protest outside Berkeley County coroner’s office next week. WCBD News 2. https://www.counton2.com/news/local-news/berkeley-county-news/family-and-friends-of-kadie-major-to-hold-a-protest-outside-berkeley-county-coroners-office-next-week/#:~:text=Kadie%20Major%2C%2026%2C%20was%20found%20dead%20next%20to,continued%20to%20rule%20her%20death%20as%20a%20suicide

Stansell, K. (2020, January 11). High-profile attorney hired to help seek justice in Berkeley Co. murder investigation. https://www.live5news.com. https://www.live5news.com/2020/01/10/high-profile-attorney-hired-help-seek-justice-berkeley-co-murder-investigation/

Truth & justice for Kadieandherbabies. (n.d.). https://www.facebook.com/Victoriahall65/

Two Paragraphs. (2019, March). 48 hours: Kadie major’s husband “Not the only one” says Sheriff. 2paragraphs Entertainment. https://2paragraphs.com/2019/03/48-hours-kadie-majors-husband-not-the-only-one-says-sheriff/

Were Kadie major and her daughter really killed by a train? Or was her husband involved? (n.d.). Reddit. https://www.reddit.com/r/UnresolvedMysteries/comments/dv2n4v/were_kadie_major_and_her_daughter_really_killed/?utm_source=amp&utm_medium=&utm_content=post_body

Wysocki, S. (n.d.). Without Warning. Without Warning [Audio Podcast]. https://www.himalaya.com/album/without-warning-458581

Murdered: Hong Pyo Lee

References

Beast Cop Lifts Overturned Car Off Woman’s Head. (n.d.). https://funker530.com/video/beast-cop-lifts-overturned-car-off-womans-head/?fbclid=IwAR0y2N5rHwo7ios8N6lx65uWF91QIEMtXHp7GE2_JzBkezj2_cW3nJ03AKg

B G. (2013, March 6). Lasd-Sheriff’s news room-news detail. Wayback Machine. https://web.archive.org/web/20130704151917/sheriff.lacounty.gov/wps/portal/lasd/!ut/p/b1/04_Sj7QwNzM2MzA3M9GP0I_KSyzLTE8syczPS8wB8aPM4i0MIMDI3czTzcDT393TLcDY3MggCKQhEqjAAAdwNCCkP1w_Cq8SJ3OoAjxW-Hnk56bq50blWHrqOioCAPLZWiM!/?1dmy&page=dept.lac.lasd.home.newsroom.detail.hidden&urile=wcm%3Apath%3A%2Flasd+content%2Flasd+site%2Fhome%2Fhome+top+stories%2Ftanaka_retires_

Cries of bias follow death of Korean at hands of law. (1988, March 17). Los Angeles Times. https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1988-03-17-me-1723-story.html

Family of man killed by deputies year ago still mourns for him. (1989, March 9). Los Angeles Times. https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1989-03-09-me-1435-story.html

Former top L.A. County Sheriff’s official given 5-year sentence for obstructing FBI probe. (2016, June 28). Los Angeles Times. https://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-ln-tanaka-sentencing-20160623-snap-story.html

Gloucester County Sheriff’s deputy describes lifting vehicle to save pinned woman’s life. (n.d.). 13newsnow.com. https://www.13newsnow.com/article/life/jon-holt-gloucester-sheriff-deputy-lifts-car-saves-woman-life/291-109f9e83-adef-46f1-bb42-4701ea655c9c

Hunting for humans. (2021, March 24). Knock LA. https://knock-la.com/lynwood-vikings-sheriff-gang-origins-abuse/

Lynwood’s worst nightmare. (2021, March 25). Knock LA. https://knock-la.com/lynwood-vikings-darren-thomas-class-action/

Mayor Tanaka. (n.d.). Wayback Machine. https://web.archive.org/web/20120904055509/www.ci.gardena.ca.us/councilmemberTanaka.html

(n.d.). The News of Los Angeles from Independent Journalists – Knock LA. https://knock-la.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/Lee-facts.pdf

Paul Tanaka admits he has tattoo associated with violent deputy gang. (2017, August 28). Daily News. https://www.dailynews.com/2016/04/04/paul-tanaka-admits-he-has-tattoo-associated-with-violent-deputy-gang/

Tanaka points to experience as key to revamping Sheriff’s department. (n.d.). Our Weekly | Black News and Entertainment Los Angeles. https://ourweekly.com/news/2014/may/29/tanaka-points-experience-key-revamping-sheriffs-de/

Tanaka points to experience as key to revamping Sheriff’s department. (n.d.). Our Weekly | Black News and Entertainment Los Angeles. https://ourweekly.com/news/2014/may/29/tanaka-points-experience-key-revamping-sheriffs-de/

Deputy Gangs

References

‘Ahead of his time’: Latino journalist Ruben Salazar, killed 50 yrs ago, tackled racism, identity. (2020, August 28). NBC News. https://www.nbcnews.com/news/latino/prominent-latino-journalist-ruben-salazar-killed-50-years-ago-tackled-n1238011

Anatomy of a jails commission: Part 3 – The Commander. (n.d.). https://witnessla.com/the-sheriff-the-undersheriff-the-commander/

Cheney-Rice, Z. (2020, September 4). In L.A. County, gangs wear badges. Intelligencer. https://nymag.com/intelligencer/2020/09/l-a-county-sheriffs-department-has-a-gang-problem.htm

Granda, C., & Bartley, L. (2020, August 13). Sheriff Villanueva moves to fire or suspend 26 deputies involved in ‘Banditos’ brawl. ABC EYEWITNESS NEWS. https://abc7.com/banditos-lasd-los-angeles-sheriffs-gang-la-clique/6369853/

L.A. County deputy alleges ‘Executioner’ gang dominates Compton Sheriff station. (2020, July 30). Los Angeles Times. https://www.latimes.com/california/story/2020-07-30/sheriff-clique-compton-station-executioners

LA Sheriff says he won’t tolerate ‘Renegade cliques.’ here’s the Backstory on secret societies. (2018, August 6). LAist. https://laist.com/news/are-there-really-secret-societies-within-the-la-sheriffs-department

The protected class. (2021, April 2). Knock LA. https://knock-la.com/lasd-gangs-little-devils-wayside-whities-cavemen-vikings/

Staff, C. (2021, January 13). LA Sheriff’s department has several secret deputy gangs, report finds. CBS Los Angeles – KCAL9 and CBS2 News, Sports, and Weather. https://losangeles.cbslocal.com/2021/01/13/la-sheriffs-department-has-several-secret-deputy-gangs-report-finds/

What is the LA County Sheriff’s department doing about its big, bad deputy gang problem? (n.d.). https://witnessla.com/what-is-the-la-sheriffs-department-doing-about-its-big-bad-deputy-gang-problem/

Wright, M. (2020, August 4). LA County Sheriff’s department has been ‘permeated’ by a violent gang. Mail Online. https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8591889/LA-county-sheriffs-department-permeated-violent-gang-deputies.html

‘They’ve been hidden too long’: Report details LA Sheriff’s deputy gangs and violence toward communities of color. (2021, January 14). Daily News. https://www.dailynews.com/2021/01/13/theyve-been-hidden-too-long-report-details-la-sheriffs-deputy-gangs-and-violence-toward-communities-of-color/

*Bad Apple* Daniel Holtzclaw

References

ABC News. (2016, April 21). Ex-Oklahoma city cop spending 263 years in prison for rape and his accusers share their storieshttps://abcnews.go.com/US/oklahoma-city-cop-spending-263-years-prison-rape/story?id=38517467

About RAINN. (n.d.). RAINN | The nation’s largest anti-sexual violence organization. https://www.rainn.org/about-rainn

Amanda Knox: “How could he be innocent?”: The case of Daniel Holtzclaw. (2020, May 4). Crime Story. https://crimestory.com/2020/05/04/amanda-knox-how-could-he-be-innocent-the-case-of-daniel-holtzclaw/

Ariz. PD raises funds to replace Little Boy’s stolen toy tractor. (2021, April 26). Police1. https://www.police1.com/police-heroes/articles/ariz-pd-raises-funds-to-replace-little-boys-stolen-toy-tractor-XQrAndcKAkPHR1gj/

Cass Raines. (2014, September 26). 10 more charges filed against Holzclaw. enidnews.com | News source for northwest Oklahoma, providing local, state, national and world coverage. https://www.enidnews.com/news/more-charges-filed-against-holzclaw/article_13f70420-45d2-11e4-9d27-cb694c70b487.html

Cass Rains | Police/Court Reporter. (2014, November 18). Timeline: Daniel Holtzclaw allegations. Enidnews.com. https://www.enidnews.com/news/timeline-daniel-holtzclaw-allegations/html_5a35b2a6-6f3f-11e4-aa93-a30aec246b5d.html

Cass Rains | Police/Court Reporter. (2014, October 2). Bond increased on OKC police officer, Enid native. Enidnews.com. https://www.enidnews.com/news/bond-increased-on-okc-police-officer-enid-native/article_a9b4dce2-4a57-11e4-b479-cf91deb0fb98.html

Daniel Holtzclaw. (2017, October 4). 20 20 on ID What the Dash Cam Never Saw – September 2017 Documentary [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pN8s3mwJVws

Griffin, D. (2020, January 7). Former OKC police officer Daniel Holtzclaw files appeal with SCOTUS. Home. https://www.news9.com/story/5e370dfa73ed4c0f33ed9c21/former-okc-police-officer-daniel-holtzclaw-files-appeal-with-scotus

Holtzclaw attorney asks for lower bond. (2014, August 26). Enidnews.com. https://www.enidnews.com/news/holtzclaw-attorney-asks-for-lower-bond/article_934d5b4e-2d5d-11e4-a745-001a4bcf887a.html

How police caught the cop who allegedly sexually abused Black women. (2014, September 5). BuzzFeed News. https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/jtes/daniel-holtzclaw-alleged-sexual-assault-oklahoma-city

KYLE SCHWAB The Oklahoman. (2021, January 27). Former OKC police officer found guilty on 18 counts in sex-crimes trial. Tulsa World. https://tulsaworld.com/news/courts/former-okc-police-officer-found-guilty-on-counts-in-sex/article_754a43f9-55f3-52e6-b183-2df25bd018fd.html

Secret hearings held in ex-Oklahoma city cop’s rape case. (2017, August 23). AP NEWS. https://apnews.com/article/2a7be40a2aa5447f907b3d6ad338a572

Sex case victim says ex-officer vowed to drop drug charge. (2015, November 10). Oklahoman.com. https://www.oklahoman.com/article/5459589/sex-case-victim-says-ex-officer-vowed-to-drop-drug-charge

PATREON EXCLUSIVE: Emmett Till

References

Black deaths at the hands of law enforcement are linked to historical lynchings: U.S. counties where lynchings were more prevalent from 1877 to 1950 have more officer-involved killings. (n.d.). Economic Policy Institute. https://www.epi.org/blog/black-deaths-at-the-hands-of-law-enforcement-are-linked-to-historical-lynchings-u-s-counties-where-lynchings-were-more-prevalent-from-1877-to-1950-have-more-officer-involved-killings/

Calif. cop uses Narcan to save toddler exposed to fentanyl. (2021, March 31). Police1. https://www.police1.com/police-heroes/articles/calif-cop-uses-narcan-to-save-toddler-exposed-to-fentanyl-Wxlv1oTimFrCggAB/

Eubanks, W. R. (2020, June 4). What the face of Emmett till says about every brutalized Black body—Then and now. Vanity Fair. https://www.vanityfair.com/style/2020/06/emmett-till-represents-every-brutalized-black-body

Farewell. (2016, May 31). The New York Times – Breaking News, US News, World News and Videos. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/projects/cp/obituaries/archives/farewell

History.com Editors. (2010, February 9). Emmett till is murdered. HISTORY. https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/the-death-of-emmett-till

Justice Department reopens Emmett till murder investigation. (2018, July 12). NPR.org. https://www.npr.org/2018/07/12/628425530/justice-department-re-opens-emmett-till-murder-investigation

Parker, D. (2018, August 28). More Than 60 Years After His Brutal Murder, Emmett Till Deserves Justice. American Civil Liberties Union. https://www.aclu.org/blog/racial-justice/race-and-criminal-justice/more-60-years-after-his-brutal-murder-emmett-till

What happened to Emmett till feels like today. (2020, August 25). BostonGlobe.com. https://www.bostonglobe.com/2020/08/25/opinion/america-too-many-emmett-tills/

John Albers

References

A 17-yr-old’s friends called the police to check on him. The police shot and killed him. (2020, September 25). Upworthy. https://www.upworthy.com/john-albers-shot-by-police-after-friends-asked-for-a-suicide-check

8CantWait policies in overland Park. (2020, June 5). City of Overland Park, Kansas. https://www.opkansas.org/city-government/departments/police-department/8cantwait-policies-in-overland-park/

Jackman, T. (2019, January 11). An unarmed teen driver is killed by police, followed by a year with few answers. The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/crime-law/2019/01/11/an-unarmed-teen-driver-is-killed-by-police-followed-by-year-with-few-answers/

John Albers’ mother files complaint seeking investigation of overland Park police chief. (2021, March 29). Shawnee Mission Post – Community news and events for northern Johnson County. https://shawneemissionpost.com/2021/03/29/john-albers-donchez-complaint-117809/

Johnson, E. (2020, October 28). The Kansas City star’s lawsuit for open records in the police killing of John Albers represents a larger struggle of government transparency in overland Park. BVNWnews. https://bvnwnews.com/news/2020/10/28/the-kansas-city-stars-lawsuit-for-open-records-in-the-police-killing-of-john-albers-represents-a-larger-struggle-of-government-transparency-in-overland-park/

https://www.kansascity.com/news/local/article250033169.html

https://www.kansascity.com/news/local/article250051534.html

Listen to dispatch radio traffic as police respond to suicide attempt of BVNW student. (n.d.). Merced SunStar. https://www.mercedsunstar.com/latest-news/article195991794.html

Pa. police officers, paramedic honored for saving crash victim while on vacation. (2021, April 17). Police1. https://www.police1.com/police-heroes/articles/pa-police-officers-paramedic-honored-for-saving-crash-victim-while-on-vacation-y4NTCOCwdeG1a95R/

Ricono, A., & Fahrlander, C. (2021, March 19). Feds looking into death of 17-year-old killed by overland Park police. KCTV Kansas City. https://www.kctv5.com/news/investigations/feds-looking-into-death-of-17-year-old-killed-by-overland-park-police/article_44170b7e-fea8-11ea-93e0-4b287e1adfb1.html

Ritter, S. (2020, August 18). After $70,000 police payout, protesters take over Overland Park council meetinghttps://www.kansascity.com/article245042000.html

With questions and grief remaining, overland Park family remembers son killed by police. (2019, February 14). FOX 4 Kansas City WDAF-TV | News, Weather, Sports. https://fox4kc.com/news/with-questions-and-grief-remaining-overland-park-family-remembers-son-killed-by-police/

With questions and grief remaining, overland Park family remembers son killed by police. (2019, February 14). FOX 4 Kansas City WDAF-TV | News, Weather, Sports. https://fox4kc.com/news/with-questions-and-grief-remaining-overland-park-family-remembers-son-killed-by-police/

Updates: Angelo Quinto and Christian Hall

References

After Angelo Quinto’s death, momentum builds to add mental health curriculum in police training. (n.d.). KQED. https://www.kqed.org/news/11868075/after-angelo-quintos-death-momentum-builds-to-add-mental-health-curriculum-in-police-training

After Angelo Quinto’s death, momentum builds to add mental health curriculum in police training. (n.d.). KQED. https://www.kqed.org/news/11868075/after-angelo-quintos-death-momentum-builds-to-add-mental-health-curriculum-in-police-training

Christian hall’s ‘unjustified killing’ was a call for help met with bullets, attorney says. (2021, March 31). lehighvalleylive. https://www.lehighvalleylive.com/news/2021/03/christian-halls-unjustified-killing-was-a-call-for-help-met-with-bullets-attorney-says.html

DA: PA state troopers who fatally shot Christian hall will not face criminal charges. (2021, March 31). Bucks Daily Voice. https://dailyvoice.com/pennsylvania/bucks/police-fire/da-pa-state-troopers-who-fatally-shot-christian-hall-will-not-face-criminal-charges/806082/

Mich. deputies rescue infant found abandoned in woods. (2021, April 9). Police1. https://www.police1.com/police-heroes/articles/mich-deputies-rescue-infant-found-abandoned-in-woods-Wrl32DSmD0LbWJne/

Monroe County Office of the District Attorney. (2021, March 30). Video presentation from Christian Hall use-of-force press conference (w/ corrected audio) [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YJxFrZXpAxc

Rubright, K., & Record, P. (2021, March 30). Monroe DA makes determination in use-of-force investigation in death of Asian teen from Poconos. Pocono Record. https://www.poconorecord.com/story/news/local/2021/03/30/christian-hall-shooting-deadly-force-justified-body-cam-footage/7059177002/?is-password-change-successful=True&message-key=passwordChange_tokenSuccess

Samson, C. (2021, April 2). Fatal shooting of Christian hall ‘Justified,’ says Pennsylvania DA. Yahoo. https://www.yahoo.com/lifestyle/fatal-shooting-christian-hall-justified-191914362.html

Double Episode: Angelo Quinto/ Christian Hall

References

Antioch PD says no illegal chokeholds used on Angelo Quinto after family files wrongful death lawsuit. (2021, March 3). ABC7 San Francisco. https://abc7news.com/angelo-quinto-wrongful-death-lawsuit-antioch-police-claim/10383974/

Antioch police chief pushes back against Angelo Quinto family’s claims. (2021, March 3). East Bay Times. https://www.eastbaytimes.com/2021/03/02/antioch-police-chief-pushes-back-against-angelo-quinto-familys-claims/

California man died after police knelt on him for 5 minutes, family says. (2021, February 25). The New York Times – Breaking News, US News, World News and Videos. https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/25/us/angelo-quinto-death-police-kneel.html

CNN Newsource. (2021, February 4). Lawyers say PA man was wrongly killed by state police, ask AG’s office to investigate. WHP. https://local21news.com/news/local/lawyers-say-pa-man-was-wrongly-killed-by-state-police-ask-ags-office-to-investigate

Coleman, J. (2021, February 13). Protesters gather in Philly to denounce state police shooting of 19-year-old in the Poconos. https://www.inquirer.com. https://www.inquirer.com/news/christian-hall-shot-pennsylvania-state-police-20210213.html

East County Today. (2021, March 2). Antioch Police Chief Provides Update on Angelo Quinto Death [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AQX7VkWnXE4

How state troopers work. (2008, April 1). HowStuffWorks. https://people.howstuffworks.com/state-troopers.htm

I-team: Family of man killed in officer involved shooting seeks justice. (2021, February 5). PAhomepage.com. https://www.pahomepage.com/news/i-team/i-team-family-of-man-killed-in-officer-involved-shooting-seeks-justice/

John Burris Law Offices. (2021, February 18). Video of Angelo Quinto Incident [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eB_tR-V9X-M

Justice for Christian hall. (n.d.). Ben Crump – Trial Lawyer for Justice. https://act.bencrump.com/a/christian-hall

(n.d.). justiceforchristian. https://www.justiceforchristianhall.com/

Ke, B. (2021, February 4). Pennsylvania teen had hands up when police shot and killed him, new video shows. Yahoo. https://www.yahoo.com/lifestyle/pennsylvania-teen-had-hands-police-220540745.html

(n.d.). Mental Health America. https://www.mhanational.org/

Morris, J. (2021, February 3). Christian Hall shot during mental health crisis by Pennsylvania Police [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_zwaiWOFMjs

Navy veteran died after police knelt on his neck for nearly 5 minutes, family says. (2021, February 24). CBS News – Breaking news, 24/7 live streaming news & top stories. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/angelo-quinto-navy-veteran-death-police/

Pickering, M. (2021, March 22). Puppies rescued by police from after bike shop next door caught fire. Mail Online. https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-9387867/Puppies-rescued-police-burning-pet-shop-motorbike-shop-door-caught-alight.html

“Please don’t kill me,” Angelo Quinto pleaded to the cops before they kneeled on his neck. (n.d.). Mother Jones. https://www.motherjones.com/crime-justice/2021/02/please-dont-kill-me-angelo-quinto-pleaded-the-cops-kneeled-on-his-neck-for-four-minutes/

Read, B. (2021, February 22). A man died after police knelt on his neck for 5 minutes. The Cut. https://www.thecut.com/2021/02/what-we-know-about-the-killing-of-angelo-quinto.html

Rubright, K., & Record, P. (2021, March 15). ‘Christian hall had a life’: Community calls for justice for Poconos teen killed by police. Pocono Record. https://www.poconorecord.com/story/news/local/2021/03/15/community-calls-justice-poconos-teen-killed-police/4699452001/

Rubright, K., & Record, P. (2021, March 12). Christian hall’s family to march for justice Sunday in east Stroudsburg. Pocono Record. https://www.poconorecord.com/story/news/local/2021/03/12/family-man-killed-police-december-march-sunday/4664059001/

Swan, R. (2021, February 18). A mentally ill man died in Antioch police custody. Now his family is seeking answers. San Francisco Chronicle. https://www.sfchronicle.com/bayarea/article/A-mentally-ill-man-died-in-Antioch-police-15958967.php

Thousands rally to reopen investigation of deadly PA state police shooting of Christian hall. (2021, February 22). Bucks Daily Voice. https://dailyvoice.com/pennsylvania/bucks/police-fire/thousands-rally-to-reopen-investigation-of-deadly-pa-state-police-shooting-of-christian-hall/802840/

WATCH: Pennsylvania cops shoot and kill suicidal man whose hands were raised. (2021, February 5). Photography is Not a Crime. https://newsmaven.io/pinacnews/eye-on-government/watch-pennsylvania-cops-shoot-and-kill-suicidal-man-whose-hands-were-raised-exA3AtLiu0GlehtZMItJNw

What is a state trooper? (n.d.). Work – Chron.com. https://work.chron.com/state-trooper-18681.html

John Geer

References

Carey, J. (2015, February 2). Family of John Geer glad more details unraveling in fatal shooting. NBC4 Washington. https://www.nbcwashington.com/news/local/family-of-john-geer-glad-more-details-unraveling-in-fatal-shooting/100964/

Dr. Oz helps police perform CPR on man who collapsed at airport. (2021, March 3). Police1. https://www.police1.com/tactical-ems/articles/dr-oz-helps-police-perform-cpr-on-man-who-collapsed-at-airport-9k9l0ciO1kpHoGEx/

Ex-Fairfax officer released from jail after manslaughter conviction. (2016, June 29). WTOP. https://wtop.com/fairfax-county/2016/06/ex-fairfax-officer-released-from-jail-after-manslaughter-conviction/

Fmr. cop charged in fatal shooting collapses in court. (2015, August 19). CBS News – Breaking news, 24/7 live streaming news & top stories. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/fmr-cop-charged-in-fatal-shooting-collapses-in-court/

Grand jury indicts officer who fatally shot John Geer in doorway. (2015, August 18). Activist Post. https://www.activistpost.com/2015/08/grand-jury-indicts-officer-who-fatally-shot-john-geer-in-doorway.html?fbclid=IwAR2XAE2uvn63HK9FRhbTWdnys5iFt5AFAxkHEFqd3xH1k90aflc3UEPIChg

In John Geer shooting, an involuntary manslaughter plea from former officer. (2016, April 18). WAMU. https://wamu.org/story/16/04/18/in_john_geer_shooting_involuntary_manslaughter_plea_from_former_officer/

Jackman, T. (2015, April 21). Fairfax pays $2.95 million to settle suit in John Geer police killing. The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/crime/fairfax-pays-295-million-to-settle-suit-in-john-geer-police-killing/2015/04/21/5fe3d818-e834-11e4-9767-6276fc9b0ada_story.html

Jackman, T. (2016, April 19). Be merciful to the officer who killed our dad: John Geer’s daughters speak. The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/true-crime/wp/2016/04/19/be-merciful-to-the-officer-who-killed-our-dad-john-geers-daughters-speak/

Jackman, T. (2016, March 31). Officer who killed John Geer pulled himself off streets three times due to marital stress. The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/true-crime/wp/2016/03/31/officer-who-killed-john-geer-pulled-himself-off-streets-three-times-due-to-marital-stress/

Jackman, T. (2016, April 18). Ex-Fairfax officer Adam Torres pleads guilty to manslaughter in shooting death of John Geer. The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/true-crime/wp/2016/04/18/ex-fairfax-officer-adam-torres-pleads-guilty-to-manslaughter-in-shooting-death-of-john-geer/

Jackman, T. (2016, June 24). Ex-Fairfax police officer who killed John Geer sentenced to one year. The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/true-crime/wp/2016/06/24/ex-fairfax-police-officer-who-killed-john-geer-returns-to-court-friday-for-sentencing/

What is a Commonwealth’s attorney? — Steve Descano. (n.d.). Steve Descano. https://stevedescano.com/what-is-a-commonwealths-attorney

Wrongful death: Family of police shooting victim John Geer receives $3 million settlement. (n.d.). New York Personal Injury Lawyer | The Law Offices of Michael S. Lamonsoff, PLLC. https://www.msllegal.com/blog/wrongful-death-family-of-police-shooting-victim-john-geer-receives-3-million-settlement/