Season 3 Episode 4: Ramarley Graham


CUNNINGHAM, J. H. (2014, January 7). Parents demand justice for their slain son, 18, who was gunned down by NYPD officer two years ago.

Ex-NYPD officer Richard haste to Ramarley Graham’s family: ‘My door is always open’. (2017, March 28). ABC7 New York.

NYPD commissioner orders reviews of street narcotics teams in wake of Bronx shooting. (n.d.). WNYC.

NYPD is disbanding a unit that is the ‘last chapter’ of stop-and-frisk. (2020, June 16). NBC News.

NYPD is disbanding a unit that is the ‘last chapter’ of stop-and-frisk. (2020, June 16). NBC News.

Ore. deputy drowns while trying to help child. (2021, August 1). Police1.

Slow crawl toward justice for broken-hearted families. (2015, February 17).

Stop-and-frisk data. (2020, March 11). New York Civil Liberties Union.

Video raises questions in 2012 New York police killing of Ramarley Graham. (2016, October 5). World Socialist Web Site.

We still don’t know what happened to Ramarley Graham. (2017, December 6). HuffPost.

Season 3 Episode 3: Sarah Everard


ALA. responders use ladder to rescue family during armed standoff. (2021, July 28). Police1.

Giordano, C. (2021, March 18). Everything we know about Sarah Everard and what happened to her. The Independent.

Halasz, S., & Rahim, Z. (2021, June 8). London police officer pleads guilty to kidnap and rape of Sarah Everard. CNN.

Hassan, J. (2021, June 8). British police officer pleads guilty to kidnap and rape of Sarah Everard — a case that outraged the nation. The Washington Post.

Lampen, C. (n.d.). What we know about the disappearance of Sarah Everard. The Cut.

London police officer pleads guilty to rape and kidnap of Sarah Everard. (2021, July 13). The New York Times – Breaking News, US News, World News and Videos.

A London woman’s disappearance is sending shockwaves through the U.K. (2021, March 11). Time.

Manne, K. (2021, March 19). What Sarah Everard’s murder illuminates—And might obscure. The Atlantic.

Metropolitan police officer Wayne Couzens pleads guilty to murder of Sarah Everard. (2021, July 9). independent.

(n.d.). MyLondon – The latest local news, opinion, sport, business and more.

Opinion | After Sarah Everard’s death, women cannot be tasked with ending male violence. (2021, March 17). NBC News.

PC Wayne Couzens pleads guilty to kidnap and rape of Sarah Everard. (2021, June 8). the Guardian.

Sarah Everard murder: Met PC Wayne Couzens pleads guilty. (2021, July 9). BBC News.

Sarah Everard suspect: Met faces inquiry over indecent exposure claim. (2021, March 12). the Guardian.

She vanished from a U.K. street. Now women are sharing their trauma. (2021, March 13). NBC News.

Sullivan, M. (2021, June 16). How Wayne Couzens went from mechanic to met cop to Sarah Everard suspect. The US Sun.

Sullivan, M. (2021, June 16). Cop suspect ‘exposed himself in McDonald’s’ in incident before Sarah vanished. The US Sun.

Season 3 Episode 2: Douglas Zerby


ABC News. (n.d.). How common is contagious shooting?

Associated Press. (n.d.). A man shot to death by two police officers was found to have pointed a pistol-grip water nozzle at t [Video]. YouTube.

Black Lives Matter 2016: Why Do Police Shoot To Kill? How Officers Are Trained In The Use Of Force. (2016, September 24). International Business Times – US Ed.

Calif. Police officers kill man pointing water nozzle, not gun. (2010, December 14). CBS News – Breaking news, 24/7 live streaming news & top stories.

Cops rescue dog from hot car after owner is killed by gunman. (2021, July 17). Police1.

Family of man killed by Long Beach officers awarded $6.5 million. (2013, April 4). Los Angeles Times.–water-nozzle-verdict-20130405-story.html

Federal probe sought in fatal shooting of man holding nozzle. (n.d.).

Fighting the contagious fire phenomenon. (2010, January 29). Police1.

Liberation News. (n.d.). Douglas Zerby Case Press Conference 11-4-11 [Video]. YouTube.

Long Beach chief offers new details on Belmont shore Zerby shooting. (2017, September 1). Press Telegram.

Long Beach cops liable in 2010 shooting death of Douglas Zerby. (2017, September 6). Daily Breeze.

Long Beach police shooting. (n.d.). Fishing in California.

Shooting of calif. man holding water nozzle angers family. (2010, December 14).

SoCal police’s blood money. (n.d.).

Stoughton, S. W. (2014, December 12). How police training contributes to avoidable deaths. The Atlantic.

Zerby v. City of Long Beach: Family of man killed by police awarded $6.5 million. (2017, March 22). Executive Presentations.

Season 3 Episode 1: Justice for Kadie and River Major


48 hours fatal crossing. (n.d.). Kadie Major Death Investigation – Truth and Justice for Kadie Major and her babies. Fatal Crossing. Aaron Major. Injustice. BCSO. Rick Ollic Bill Salisbury.

Balchunas, C. (2020, January 20). High-profile attorney studying Berkeley Co. cold case involving deceased mother, daughter. WCIV.

Death of Kadie major and daughter river investigated on 48 hours. (2019, November 11). Monsters and Critics.

During protest, family and friends call for new coroner’s inquest in the death of Kadie major. (2021, February 9). WCBD News 2.

Family wants Berkeley County coroner to open new inquest in the 2008 death of Kadie major. (2021, January 25). WCBD News 2.

Hall, V. (2019, June 27). Aaron Major Kadie Major husband interrogation fatal crossing kadieandherbabies part 1 of 2 [Video]. YouTube.

Hall, V. (2019, June 27). Aaron Major Kadie Major husbands interrogation or interview part [Video]. YouTube.

Live 5 Web Staff. (2019, May 20). Investigators name husband as sole suspect in wife, daughter’s 2008 killing.

‘He was an angel sent to us’: Off-duty LEO saves girl, 2, from drowning. (2021, July 2). Police1.

Majchrowicz, M. (2020, September 14). Investigation into 2008 deaths of Moncks Corner mother, daughter reopened. Post and Courier.

Moncks Corner police chief Rick Ollic suspended for 2 weeks. (2021, June 26). The Berkeley Observer.

Novelly, T. (2021, February 9). Berkeley County said Kadie major died by suicide in 2008. Now her husband is a suspect. Post and Courier.

Novelly, T. (2021, June 22). Former police officer sues Moncks Corner chief over alleged racist comments. Post and Courier.

Renaud, T. (2021, February 5). Family and friends of Kadie major to hold a protest outside Berkeley County coroner’s office next week. WCBD News 2.,continued%20to%20rule%20her%20death%20as%20a%20suicide

Stansell, K. (2020, January 11). High-profile attorney hired to help seek justice in Berkeley Co. murder investigation.

Truth & justice for Kadieandherbabies. (n.d.).

Two Paragraphs. (2019, March). 48 hours: Kadie major’s husband “Not the only one” says Sheriff. 2paragraphs Entertainment.

Were Kadie major and her daughter really killed by a train? Or was her husband involved? (n.d.). Reddit.

Wysocki, S. (n.d.). Without Warning. Without Warning [Audio Podcast].

Murdered: Hong Pyo Lee


Beast Cop Lifts Overturned Car Off Woman’s Head. (n.d.).

B G. (2013, March 6). Lasd-Sheriff’s news room-news detail. Wayback Machine.!ut/p/b1/04_Sj7QwNzM2MzA3M9GP0I_KSyzLTE8syczPS8wB8aPM4i0MIMDI3czTzcDT393TLcDY3MggCKQhEqjAAAdwNCCkP1w_Cq8SJ3OoAjxW-Hnk56bq50blWHrqOioCAPLZWiM!/?1dmy&page=dept.lac.lasd.home.newsroom.detail.hidden&urile=wcm%3Apath%3A%2Flasd+content%2Flasd+site%2Fhome%2Fhome+top+stories%2Ftanaka_retires_

Cries of bias follow death of Korean at hands of law. (1988, March 17). Los Angeles Times.

Family of man killed by deputies year ago still mourns for him. (1989, March 9). Los Angeles Times.

Former top L.A. County Sheriff’s official given 5-year sentence for obstructing FBI probe. (2016, June 28). Los Angeles Times.

Gloucester County Sheriff’s deputy describes lifting vehicle to save pinned woman’s life. (n.d.).

Hunting for humans. (2021, March 24). Knock LA.

Lynwood’s worst nightmare. (2021, March 25). Knock LA.

Mayor Tanaka. (n.d.). Wayback Machine.

(n.d.). The News of Los Angeles from Independent Journalists – Knock LA.

Paul Tanaka admits he has tattoo associated with violent deputy gang. (2017, August 28). Daily News.

Tanaka points to experience as key to revamping Sheriff’s department. (n.d.). Our Weekly | Black News and Entertainment Los Angeles.

Tanaka points to experience as key to revamping Sheriff’s department. (n.d.). Our Weekly | Black News and Entertainment Los Angeles.

Deputy Gangs


‘Ahead of his time’: Latino journalist Ruben Salazar, killed 50 yrs ago, tackled racism, identity. (2020, August 28). NBC News.

Anatomy of a jails commission: Part 3 – The Commander. (n.d.).

Cheney-Rice, Z. (2020, September 4). In L.A. County, gangs wear badges. Intelligencer.

Granda, C., & Bartley, L. (2020, August 13). Sheriff Villanueva moves to fire or suspend 26 deputies involved in ‘Banditos’ brawl. ABC EYEWITNESS NEWS.

L.A. County deputy alleges ‘Executioner’ gang dominates Compton Sheriff station. (2020, July 30). Los Angeles Times.

LA Sheriff says he won’t tolerate ‘Renegade cliques.’ here’s the Backstory on secret societies. (2018, August 6). LAist.

The protected class. (2021, April 2). Knock LA.

Staff, C. (2021, January 13). LA Sheriff’s department has several secret deputy gangs, report finds. CBS Los Angeles – KCAL9 and CBS2 News, Sports, and Weather.

What is the LA County Sheriff’s department doing about its big, bad deputy gang problem? (n.d.).

Wright, M. (2020, August 4). LA County Sheriff’s department has been ‘permeated’ by a violent gang. Mail Online.

‘They’ve been hidden too long’: Report details LA Sheriff’s deputy gangs and violence toward communities of color. (2021, January 14). Daily News.

*Bad Apple* Daniel Holtzclaw


ABC News. (2016, April 21). Ex-Oklahoma city cop spending 263 years in prison for rape and his accusers share their stories

About RAINN. (n.d.). RAINN | The nation’s largest anti-sexual violence organization.

Amanda Knox: “How could he be innocent?”: The case of Daniel Holtzclaw. (2020, May 4). Crime Story.

Ariz. PD raises funds to replace Little Boy’s stolen toy tractor. (2021, April 26). Police1.

Cass Raines. (2014, September 26). 10 more charges filed against Holzclaw. | News source for northwest Oklahoma, providing local, state, national and world coverage.

Cass Rains | Police/Court Reporter. (2014, November 18). Timeline: Daniel Holtzclaw allegations.

Cass Rains | Police/Court Reporter. (2014, October 2). Bond increased on OKC police officer, Enid native.

Daniel Holtzclaw. (2017, October 4). 20 20 on ID What the Dash Cam Never Saw – September 2017 Documentary [Video]. YouTube.

Griffin, D. (2020, January 7). Former OKC police officer Daniel Holtzclaw files appeal with SCOTUS. Home.

Holtzclaw attorney asks for lower bond. (2014, August 26).

How police caught the cop who allegedly sexually abused Black women. (2014, September 5). BuzzFeed News.

KYLE SCHWAB The Oklahoman. (2021, January 27). Former OKC police officer found guilty on 18 counts in sex-crimes trial. Tulsa World.

Secret hearings held in ex-Oklahoma city cop’s rape case. (2017, August 23). AP NEWS.

Sex case victim says ex-officer vowed to drop drug charge. (2015, November 10).



Black deaths at the hands of law enforcement are linked to historical lynchings: U.S. counties where lynchings were more prevalent from 1877 to 1950 have more officer-involved killings. (n.d.). Economic Policy Institute.

Calif. cop uses Narcan to save toddler exposed to fentanyl. (2021, March 31). Police1.

Eubanks, W. R. (2020, June 4). What the face of Emmett till says about every brutalized Black body—Then and now. Vanity Fair.

Farewell. (2016, May 31). The New York Times – Breaking News, US News, World News and Videos. Editors. (2010, February 9). Emmett till is murdered. HISTORY.

Justice Department reopens Emmett till murder investigation. (2018, July 12).

Parker, D. (2018, August 28). More Than 60 Years After His Brutal Murder, Emmett Till Deserves Justice. American Civil Liberties Union.

What happened to Emmett till feels like today. (2020, August 25).

John Albers


A 17-yr-old’s friends called the police to check on him. The police shot and killed him. (2020, September 25). Upworthy.

8CantWait policies in overland Park. (2020, June 5). City of Overland Park, Kansas.

Jackman, T. (2019, January 11). An unarmed teen driver is killed by police, followed by a year with few answers. The Washington Post.

John Albers’ mother files complaint seeking investigation of overland Park police chief. (2021, March 29). Shawnee Mission Post – Community news and events for northern Johnson County.

Johnson, E. (2020, October 28). The Kansas City star’s lawsuit for open records in the police killing of John Albers represents a larger struggle of government transparency in overland Park. BVNWnews.

Listen to dispatch radio traffic as police respond to suicide attempt of BVNW student. (n.d.). Merced SunStar.

Pa. police officers, paramedic honored for saving crash victim while on vacation. (2021, April 17). Police1.

Ricono, A., & Fahrlander, C. (2021, March 19). Feds looking into death of 17-year-old killed by overland Park police. KCTV Kansas City.

Ritter, S. (2020, August 18). After $70,000 police payout, protesters take over Overland Park council meeting

With questions and grief remaining, overland Park family remembers son killed by police. (2019, February 14). FOX 4 Kansas City WDAF-TV | News, Weather, Sports.

With questions and grief remaining, overland Park family remembers son killed by police. (2019, February 14). FOX 4 Kansas City WDAF-TV | News, Weather, Sports.

Updates: Angelo Quinto and Christian Hall


After Angelo Quinto’s death, momentum builds to add mental health curriculum in police training. (n.d.). KQED.

After Angelo Quinto’s death, momentum builds to add mental health curriculum in police training. (n.d.). KQED.

Christian hall’s ‘unjustified killing’ was a call for help met with bullets, attorney says. (2021, March 31). lehighvalleylive.

DA: PA state troopers who fatally shot Christian hall will not face criminal charges. (2021, March 31). Bucks Daily Voice.

Mich. deputies rescue infant found abandoned in woods. (2021, April 9). Police1.

Monroe County Office of the District Attorney. (2021, March 30). Video presentation from Christian Hall use-of-force press conference (w/ corrected audio) [Video]. YouTube.

Rubright, K., & Record, P. (2021, March 30). Monroe DA makes determination in use-of-force investigation in death of Asian teen from Poconos. Pocono Record.

Samson, C. (2021, April 2). Fatal shooting of Christian hall ‘Justified,’ says Pennsylvania DA. Yahoo.

Double Episode: Angelo Quinto/ Christian Hall


Antioch PD says no illegal chokeholds used on Angelo Quinto after family files wrongful death lawsuit. (2021, March 3). ABC7 San Francisco.

Antioch police chief pushes back against Angelo Quinto family’s claims. (2021, March 3). East Bay Times.

California man died after police knelt on him for 5 minutes, family says. (2021, February 25). The New York Times – Breaking News, US News, World News and Videos.

CNN Newsource. (2021, February 4). Lawyers say PA man was wrongly killed by state police, ask AG’s office to investigate. WHP.

Coleman, J. (2021, February 13). Protesters gather in Philly to denounce state police shooting of 19-year-old in the Poconos.

East County Today. (2021, March 2). Antioch Police Chief Provides Update on Angelo Quinto Death [Video]. YouTube.

How state troopers work. (2008, April 1). HowStuffWorks.

I-team: Family of man killed in officer involved shooting seeks justice. (2021, February 5).

John Burris Law Offices. (2021, February 18). Video of Angelo Quinto Incident [Video]. YouTube.

Justice for Christian hall. (n.d.). Ben Crump – Trial Lawyer for Justice.

(n.d.). justiceforchristian.

Ke, B. (2021, February 4). Pennsylvania teen had hands up when police shot and killed him, new video shows. Yahoo.

(n.d.). Mental Health America.

Morris, J. (2021, February 3). Christian Hall shot during mental health crisis by Pennsylvania Police [Video]. YouTube.

Navy veteran died after police knelt on his neck for nearly 5 minutes, family says. (2021, February 24). CBS News – Breaking news, 24/7 live streaming news & top stories.

Pickering, M. (2021, March 22). Puppies rescued by police from after bike shop next door caught fire. Mail Online.

“Please don’t kill me,” Angelo Quinto pleaded to the cops before they kneeled on his neck. (n.d.). Mother Jones.

Read, B. (2021, February 22). A man died after police knelt on his neck for 5 minutes. The Cut.

Rubright, K., & Record, P. (2021, March 15). ‘Christian hall had a life’: Community calls for justice for Poconos teen killed by police. Pocono Record.

Rubright, K., & Record, P. (2021, March 12). Christian hall’s family to march for justice Sunday in east Stroudsburg. Pocono Record.

Swan, R. (2021, February 18). A mentally ill man died in Antioch police custody. Now his family is seeking answers. San Francisco Chronicle.

Thousands rally to reopen investigation of deadly PA state police shooting of Christian hall. (2021, February 22). Bucks Daily Voice.

WATCH: Pennsylvania cops shoot and kill suicidal man whose hands were raised. (2021, February 5). Photography is Not a Crime.

What is a state trooper? (n.d.). Work –

John Geer


Carey, J. (2015, February 2). Family of John Geer glad more details unraveling in fatal shooting. NBC4 Washington.

Dr. Oz helps police perform CPR on man who collapsed at airport. (2021, March 3). Police1.

Ex-Fairfax officer released from jail after manslaughter conviction. (2016, June 29). WTOP.

Fmr. cop charged in fatal shooting collapses in court. (2015, August 19). CBS News – Breaking news, 24/7 live streaming news & top stories.

Grand jury indicts officer who fatally shot John Geer in doorway. (2015, August 18). Activist Post.

In John Geer shooting, an involuntary manslaughter plea from former officer. (2016, April 18). WAMU.

Jackman, T. (2015, April 21). Fairfax pays $2.95 million to settle suit in John Geer police killing. The Washington Post.

Jackman, T. (2016, April 19). Be merciful to the officer who killed our dad: John Geer’s daughters speak. The Washington Post.

Jackman, T. (2016, March 31). Officer who killed John Geer pulled himself off streets three times due to marital stress. The Washington Post.

Jackman, T. (2016, April 18). Ex-Fairfax officer Adam Torres pleads guilty to manslaughter in shooting death of John Geer. The Washington Post.

Jackman, T. (2016, June 24). Ex-Fairfax police officer who killed John Geer sentenced to one year. The Washington Post.

What is a Commonwealth’s attorney? — Steve Descano. (n.d.). Steve Descano.

Wrongful death: Family of police shooting victim John Geer receives $3 million settlement. (n.d.). New York Personal Injury Lawyer | The Law Offices of Michael S. Lamonsoff, PLLC.