References

The Burge case. (n.d.). Chicago Torture Justice Memorials | Just another WordPress site. https://chicagotorture.org/reparations/history/

The Chicago police department’s history of torture. (2020, February 26). The Nation. https://www.thenation.com/article/culture/lawrence-ralph-torture-letters-review/

Conroy, J. (2005, February 3). Tools of torture. Chicago Reader. https://www.chicagoreader.com/chicago/tools-of-torture/Content?oid=917876

How Chicago’s survivors of police torture won reparations. (2018, October 30). The Marshall Project. https://www.themarshallproject.org/2018/10/30/payback

Jon Burge, 70, Ex-Commander in Chicago police torture cases, dies. (2018, September 20). The New York Times – Breaking News, US News, World News and Videos. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/20/obituaries/jon-burge-dead.html

Jon Burge, ex-Chicago cop who ran torture ring, released from prison. (2014, October 3). MSNBC.com. https://www.msnbc.com/msnbc/jon-burge-ex-chicago-cop-who-ran-torture-ring-released-prison-msna427221

Lantigua-Williams, J. (2016, October 26). A digital archive documents two decades of torture by Chicago police. The Atlantic. https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/10/10000-files-on-chicago-police-torture-decades-now-online/504233/

Moser, W. (2009, January 6). Madison Hobley gets his settlement. Chicago Reader. https://www.chicagoreader.com/Bleader/archives/2009/01/06/madison-hobley-gets-his-settlement

NLG review. (2017, January 31). NLG Review – Social Justice Law Journal by the National Lawyers Guild. https://www.nlg.org/nlg-review/article/cycle-of-misconduct-how-chicago-has-repeatedly-failed-to-police-its-police/

Rahm Emanuel apologizes for police torture. Now what? (2015, June 29). The Nation. https://www.thenation.com/article/archive/rahm-emanuel-apologizes-police-torture-now-what/

Video: Ohio officers rescue unconscious woman from burning car. (2021, January 13). Police1. https://www.police1.com/police-heroes/articles/video-ohio-officers-rescue-unconscious-woman-from-burning-car-soBX7yNoGv0xKcIJ/

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